Menyoal Jumlah Peserta Aksi 212 dan Pelantikan Trump

Media sosial dan media arus utama pernah heboh oleh pemberitaan mengenai jumlah peserta aksi damai 2 Desember 2016 (Aksi 212). Ketika sebagian media memberitakan bahwa aksi damai itu diikuti oleh ratusan ribu orang saja, media lain mengklaim angka yang jauh lebih besar dari itu. Di luar media utama, individu dan media sosial punya posisi sendiri terkait jumlah ini. Dari sekian banyak pemberitaan yang akhirnya menjadi viral, yang menarik adalah perbedaan angka yang ditunjukkan. Ketika satu berita menaksir angka pada kisaran ratusan ribu, berita lainnya meyakini bahwa Aksi 212 itu diikuti oleh sekitar tujuh juta orang. Berbedaan yang fantastis.

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Farewelling Obama, Welcoming Trump

In the last nine years or so, I have been spending hours and hours every week to watch President Obama delivering speeches. Thanks to the Internet. Whitehouse is one of a very few, if any, governmental Youtube channel that I subscribed to. The reason is one: I like watching President Obama delivering speeches. I have watched many of his weekly address and missed only a few, if any, of his speeches in a lot of events and occasions. Obama is the first person that made me genuinely interested in politics. Obama made me believe that politics is not as bad as what I read from newspapers.

I know that Obama is far from perfect. A lot of bad things did take place in America and around the world during and due to his presidency. Despite his promise to end the war as soon as he take office, a lot more troops had to be deployed to the Middle East during his regime. His promise to close Guantanamo Bay was not as smooth as what he said in his campaign. He is not perfect, really but I have always been convinced that Obama has been the same nice person that I know for the first time in 2005. His number of failures only gives me more understanding and insights, how challenging leadership in real world can be.

Having understood myself how hectic bureaucracy can be, I admire more and more how cool Obama has been in the last eight years. Listening to his speeches, either in formal occasions, in memorial services, in schools, in universities, in front of journalists or in front of the crowds during correspondence dinner in Washington, is witnessing an extraordinary level of coolness. His brilliance in combining great and touching contents and fresh jokes in his speeches has always been the reason for me to learn diplomacy in an enjoyable way.

Obama is the only president on Earth whose speeches deliver constant inspiration for he speaks from his hearth. I know that I am biased but I am sure that I have been biased by many perspectives for I have watched hundreds of his speeches. Obama’s speeches are as inspiring as speeches in movies. His speeches can burn your spirit just like the speech of Thomas J. Whitmore in the “Independence Day”, or as touching as the acceptance address delivered by John Nash in “A Beautiful Mind” or as energizing as Colonel Jessup’s anger in the “A few Good Men”. As a person with a hobby to memorize movie dialogues, I consider Obama’s speeches are as moving as brilliant movie quotes so that I would love to learn by heart.

Obama’s down-to-earth approach is unparalleled. I agree with a lot of people in the United States of America that during his presidency, a lot of ordinary people, for the first time, really feel that they can be part of “WE” in the first phrase of “We the people” in their Bill of Rights. Obama can be as authoritative as typical great leaders when situation requires him to be one. To me, Obama can be as forgiving as Mandela, as non-violent as Gandhi and as strategic as Lincoln in his leadership.

It is unfortunate, however, to see that Obama did not manage to secure supports from Senate and Congress as he would ideally secure. His brilliant agendas and ideas could not always be executed easily. The political noise in Washington often cruelly wiped out his good intentions and willingness. However, I have never changed my mind about him that he is the same good person that I knew when I witnessed by my own eyes the change of political tone in New York in 2007. Michelle Obama, his brilliant wife and the, arguably, coolest First Lady America has ever had, has correctly put that “being president doesn’t change who you are”. Being president, she noted, “reveals who you are”.

As per 20 January 2017, Barack Obama is no longer the Commander in Chief of the Free World. Donald J. Trump replaces Obama as the 45th president of the United States. I sincerely congratulate Trump and wish him a good luck to run the Whitehouse. Honestly speaking, I was not inspired by the 2016 election process in the United States. Trump’s performance in his long campaign did not show characters of a Statesman that the world would expect from a superpower like the United States. I realize, that I might be biased, as everyone would. Now with Trump has been inaugurated as the 45th president of the United States, I really hope that I have been biased a long this time. I really hope that what I read or watch about you, President Trump, incorrectly explained who you are in the coming years.

One thing that I can tell without hesitation is the fact that Trump’s speeches do not manage to move me as how Obama’s would do. Listening to Trump’s inaugural speech is like listening to an ordinary speech with flowery words. Listening to Trump speaking about marginalized and poor people somehow made me feel uneasy, considering his background as a billionaire businessman. I don’t think that Trump can that quickly become a representation of those people so that the speech sounded more like merely well-memorized lines. For this too, I hope that I am wrong.

On a more serious note, Trump’s speech does not project America’s attitude as a leader of the world. His speech is more on “making America [itself] great again”, as if it is now weak and on the losing side of a battle. For a country like America, with such powers and authority, this adolescent-like attitude is somehow worrisome. I understand his statement on the fights against “radical Islamic terrorism” but the explicit use of the word “Islam” can also be inferred differently. Certainly, terrorism has to be fought against and this should not only be related to Islam. This statement may be considered as a negative signal by the Muslim world. Once again, I hope that I am wrong.

Despite the fact that I am not convinced by the quality and commitment of President Trump to the world, it is indisputable that the world still hopes and expects an American leadership. Whatever one may say about Trump and other American Presidents, it is uncontested that policies coined in the Oval Office at the Whitehouse can really affect people in the forgotten corner of the world. It is not too much, therefore, if I expect good leadership from President Trump. I think it is safe to say that I am speaking on behalf of millions of people in the World. Trump is the Commander in Chief of the strongest military in the world, holds the secret code for arguably the largest nuclear installation on Earth, and now his party, the Republican, holds the majority in Senate and Congress. It undoubtedly makes sense to hope that President Trump will exercise such power wisely. He needs an extraordinary level of coolness and calmness since whatever he would do, can potentially be major headlines of media all over the Globe.

My views on Trump can be longer but I will end here. Like it or not, Trump is now the 45th president of the Land of a Free. His personal character will certainly color the American leadership in the world but we also know that the distribution of powers in the system will become an effective control to excessive and, especially, abuse of power. I also believe that the American people are not selfish. When necessary, they will show us what they are made of. They will eventually take a right position to uphold the democracy, that they are running the government of the people, by the people and for the people. Trump deserves our support to be a good leader for America so the country can play a good and wise role in the world.

President Trump, it is unlikely that I will spend hours and hours to listen to your speech during your presidency, unlike what I did to Obama’s. It is unlikely that I will quote your statements for their inspiration in my speech and writing. However, I am sure that you can be a great leader if you seriously fight for it. I agree that you want to make “America great again” but I also know that the greatness of America lies in its ability to embrace and walk alongside the world. Quoting Hillary Clinton in her concession speech, you “deserve chance to lead”. Most importantly, you already secure my “open mind”. Congratulation and good luck, President Trump.

Desa Tegaljadi, 21 January 2017

I Made Andi Arsana
An Indonesian academician, head of Office of International Affairs of Universitas Gadjah Mada

Belajar dari Obama

Musim gugur memamerkan diri dengan bangganya ketika saya menginjakkan kaki pertama kali di New York bulan September 2007. Amerika, di hari-hari itu adalah Amerika yang berbeda. Seorang Amerika keturunan Afrika, Barack Obama, menjadi calon presiden kulit hitam yang dinominasikan oleh Partai Demokrat untuk pertama kalinya. Gairah politik terasa begitu kuat. Pembicaraan tentang hal ini terjadi di mana-mana. Nuansa harapan dan pembaruan begitu kuat. Saya menikmati berbagai langkah proses melalui media masa ataupun melalui jalanan di New York.

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Beda Waktu

Jakarta, 10 Januari 2000
Ini hari adalah akhir minggu pertama aku kerja praktik. Beruntung sekali aku bisa kerja praktik di sebuah perusahaan besar yang diincar oleh hampir semua temanku. Meski merasa bangga, aku juga terkejut. Ternyata perusahaan besar itu tidak sebagus yang aku duga. Sistemnya masih konvensional, birokrasinya lambat. Dalam rapat tadi siang, aku dilibatkan untuk mendengar dan belajar sistem di perusahaan itu. Aku menyimak dengan antusias.

Tiba giliran aku diberi kesempatan berbicara, aku manfaatkan dengan baik. Aku memberi kritik pedas dan tajam kepada manajemen. Aku sampaikan bahwa banyak sekali praktik di kantor itu yang tidak sesuai dengan kaidah. Dengan lantang aku sampaikan kritik dan desakan untuk segera berbenah. Aku tahu, ada beberapa orang yang merasa tertampar dengan komentar itu, tapi aku tidak peduli. Kebenaran harus disampaikan dan mereka memang harus ditampar agar sadar. Aku yakin kehadiranku di sana akan membawa perubahan signifikan.

Budi “the Coolest” Mulyana

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Table fourteen ready for main, please!” Jo berteriak sambil menggotong tumpukan piring dan mangkok kotor di tangannya. Digeletakkannya piring dan mangkok itu di atas meja aluminium di sebelahku. Suara berisik menyentak seiring sendok dan garpu yang berserakan di atas meja. Tak sempat kuperhatikan lebih lama, tanganku sedang tak boleh berhenti menggosok ember plastik putih yang licin karena minyak. Air hangat cenderung panas mengalir dari keran membantuku mengenyahkan minyak yang susah pergi.

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Indon yang Kafir

Aku tidak suka dipanggil Indon, terutama oleh orang Malaysia. Menurutku, pada panggilan ini ada sentimen merendahkan, menuduh bodoh dan menghina. Dipanggil Indon, sama dengan dihina. Dipanggil Indon, sama dengan diremehkan dan direndahkan martabatnya secara terang-terangan di siang bolong. Apapun katanya, aku tidak sudi dipanggil Indon. Itu prinsipku sejak dulu, sejak pertama kali mendengar kata Indon yang kutahu ditujukan kepada para pekerja rumah tangga dari Indonesia yang memperjuangkan hidupnya di negeri jiran Malaysia. Singkatnya, aku tidak terima.

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Melawat Malioboro

Kawan, ikutlah bersamaku, melawat Malioboro yang tak jauh dari Istana Raja. Kita akan mengenang serpihan-serpihan catatan lama yang sebagian telah poranda oleh waktu yang menua. Berjalanlah di sampingku, menyusuri gelaran pejalan kaki yang kini lapang terawat sambil menikmati senyum para pelawat. Mari beringsut di bawah tikaman matahari pagi yang jinak, jadi penghangat kita yang bergegas semangat.

Duduklah di bangku yang dipoles halus terpentin dan berangka baja yang berukir lekukan nuansa Jogja. Mari berdekatan karena kita kan abadikan potret diri dengan kilatan cahaya sebuah piranti cendikia, hasil rakitan para kerabat di Tiongkok. Relakan diri menjadi generasi beringatan pendek yang tak cukup menyimpan kenangan dalam hati dan pikiran belaka. Kita akan abadikan dalam berkas-berkas cahaya lalu kita titipkan kenangan itu di gumpalan-gumpalan awan yang tersimpan rapi di kotak-kotak penyimpan di Israel atau negeri Mahabaratha. Kelak, generasi penerus akan melihatnya karena gumpalan awan itu abadi, bertahan lebih lama bahkan dari jazad kita yang akan segera terurai dan manunggal dengan semesta.


Mari menyusuri hingar-bingar suasana dengan kereta dipandu Pak Kusir yang matanya berbinar. Ikutilah langkah sepatu kuda yang mengetuk jalanan dengan dendangan. Duduklah di dekatku dan rasakan gelihat para pedangang kaki lima yang tak lelah menjajakan penganan atau segelas teh manis yang menggelincirkan air liurmu. Nikmatilah senda gurau kerabat Tionghoa yang telah menjadi Jawa sejak lampau. Dengarlah, mereka tak pernah lupa merayu kita yang kemudian rela menukar nikmat keringat dengan sepasang sandal dari pelepah gedebong pisang. Atau sekibas kipas dari rautan cendana yang pipih menawan hati.

Saat lelah, benamkan diri di pojok bangku yang tengah galau melamunkan masa depan. Sambil setengah terlelap, saksikanlah seorang bocah yang menawarkan sale pisang kepok di tangannya. Jangan harap kita tak hirau karena dari balik jilbab lusuhnya akan meluncur kata-kata mengharu biru membuat kita iba. Maka selembar sepuluh ribu akan meluncur keluar berganti dengan senyum simpul gadis belia merafalkan “matur nuwun”.

Coba perhatikan tak jauh dari dudukmu, dua pemuda tengah bercengkerama. Ada tali-temali melilit leher mereka yang ujungnya bersembunyi nyaman di dalam kedua telinga, mengalunkan tembang yang digarap di sebuah studio di Manhattan atau di balai-balai tak jauh dari Menara Eifel yang mengangkang angkuh percaya diri. Pada tangan mereka, lihatlah berlembar kertas tugas dari para guru mereka di sebuah perguruan. Dari lambangnya yang berwibawa, kita akan tahu mereka dari padepokan Gadjah Mada yang termasyur itu. Cucu-cucu Gadjah Mada tengah mengingat ilmu di Malioboro, ditikam matahari yang jinak dengan kulit yang nyaris tanak.


Hiruplah udara pagi di Malioboro. Seraplah semangat musisi jalanan yang melantunkan dendang Iwan Fals yang menceritakan kegelisahan bocah di seberang istana. Atau lantunan kisah klasik untuk masa depan oleh Sheila On Seven yang jadi pujangga tanah Jogja. Pilihlah sesuai kata hatimu, sambil menyantap segelas es durian yang dijajakan penuh semangat oleh Mbah Hargo yang merantau dari Kulon Progo.

Jauh di sudut lainnya, perhatikanlah seorang pemuda bersahaja yang tengah gelisah. Tangannya masih memegang erat piranti cendikia yang memendarkan cahaya. Saksikanlah matanya berkaca-kaca, dia ditinggal kekasihnya selepas bercengkerama di ruang awan. Tapi dia tersenyum karena konon perpisahan itu demi wisudanya yang tak lagi bisa ditunda. Kawan, kamu tahu, Malioboro adalah juga tentang keputusan bijaksana akan cinta yang salah, akan kisah yang terlarang. Mari melawat Maliboro sambil mengenang cinta lama. Seperti kata seorang kerabat, memang Jogja berhati mantan.